Revolutions in Haiti and Latin America

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The Haitian Revolution (1791-1804)

Why it began: The Haitan Revolution began beause rich white planters and gens de couleur (Free non-white Haitian men & women) wanted more "economic freedom" and "home rule" (Bulliet et al. 537-8). Additionally, "political turmoil in France weakened colonial authority, permitting rich planters, poor whites, gens de couleur, and slaves to pursue their narrow interests, in an increasingly bitter and confrontational struggle" (Bulliet et al. 537).
Who was involved?: The different groups of people involved in the Haitian revolution are: Former domestic slaves (Toussaint L'Ouverture), creoles , gens de couleur (some owned slaves), The French (Bulliet et al. 537-8).
What were the outcomes?: Haiti " joined the United States as the second independent nation in the Western Hemisphere" (Bulliet et al. 539). In the United States, President Jefferson (owned slaves) ends up placing an embargo on Haiti ( Dr. Sepinwall, lecture 10/13/2010). The Revolution became one of a kind because all colors of people were allowed to be citizens (Dr. Sepinwall, Lecture, 10/13/2010). However, Haitian independence is recognized by president Lincoln in 1863 (Dr. Sepinwall, Lecture, 10/13/2010). For two hundred more years conditions of severe economic poverty continued in Haiti due to the enormous debt they had to pay back to France (Dr. Sepinwall lecture 10/13/2010). Another outcome of the Haitian Revolution was that with its success it brought influence and revolutionary passions throughout the Western Hemisphere. (Bulliet et al. 547). Since the slaves succeeded in becoming free slave trade stopped because of fear of the slaves revolting again.

The Latin American Revolutions (begin 1808-1809)

Why it began: Napoleon invades Porugal and Spain. The colonists wanted indepdendence, and "Spanish officials' harsh repression gave rise to a greater sense of a separate American nationality" (Bulliet et al. 539).

Who was involved?: Simon Bolivar,creoles (patriots and loyalists), French (N&J Bonaparte), Amerindians and people of mixed-race.

What were the outcomes?: Bolivar "defeated the last Spanish armies in 1824" (Bulliet et al. 539). Gran Colombia is created (Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela) (Dr. Sepinwall, Lecture 10/13/2010). The revolutions had impacts and long lasting effects and implications on the countries all over Latin America.

What did these revolutions have in common and how did they differ?

  • Both of these revolutions were started mostly by creoles, and neither group initially supported abolishment of slavery.
  • Creole brought new ideas from the Enlightenment, such as ideas of human rights and justice. Those ideas were used as a basis of the revolts.
  • Both revolutions were heavily influenced by Enlightenment ideas.
  • Both the Haitian revolution and Latin American revolutions were due to social inequalities.
  • They both declared independence as a result, and later they both had a break down in economic status, due to lack of labor.
  • The main cause of the Haitian Revolution was slave resistance due to the abuse and inhuman treatment, and the major cause for the Latin American Revolutions was the desire for a new leader and discrimination between social classes as well as the desire to change political, social and economic ways.
  • They both inspired other colonies to revolt.
  • When Haiti became independent, other countries refused to recognize the outcome out of fear for their own economic state.
ReferencesPicture(s):'Ouverture.jpgBulliet, Richard al. The Earth and Its Peoples: a Global History. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2009. 537-40. Print.Dr. Alyssa Sepinwall. (In-class Lecture): 10/13/2010.
Group members: Brandon Cooper, Kidus Deju, Celeste Hernandez, Cole Massey, Eric Tiegs