The Declaration of the Rights of Man


Declaration of the Rights of Man
Declaration of the Rights of Man



Who?
The Estates General (grouping of people from each social class, or estate) gathered to produce the Declaration of the Rights of Man to establish basic guidelines for the French society to obide by. The Declaration of the rights of Man and of the Citizen was created by the National Assembly which consisted of members of the Third Estate, clergy and noble members. What? - May 5th, 1789 at Versailles. The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen was created.
- These rights provide the citizens with natural, inalienable, and sacred rights.
-This document was created using the ideas from English constitutionalism, the American Revolution, and the Enlightenment.-The Declaration of the Rights of Man, "summarizes the original political and social goals of the French Revolution and countless others." Why? -This document was produced in an unstable society on the brink of upheaval. The citizens wanted equality and change, which represented that of the American Constitution.

Purpose?
- This document was created in order to organize political and social goals that were influenced by the Enlightenment and the American Revolution. - The document consists of numerous articles that establish the rights of citizens and how to protect them. The purpose of the document was to try to restrict the power of the monarchy and to enforce the idea of popular sovereignty.

Quotes:
- In the preamble, the document states that the purpose is "that the demands of the citizens, from now on based on straightforward and incontestable principles, will resolve around the maintenance of the constitution and the happiness of everyone" (Human Record, 157). - The document also establishes that every man is entitled to "Liberty, property, security and resistance to oppression" (HR, 158).- It goes on to say that these rights can only be prohibited when it harms someone else or is harmful to society. The document also talks about penalties and punishments and how they should be carried out. It says that no one can be accused or punished unless determined by law, and punishments are only allowed when they are "strictly and plainly necessary" (HR, 158).
Rights:
(A few rights with more detail)#1- "Men are born and remain free and equal in rights; social distinctions can be established only for the common benefit." (HR, 157) This right is stating that no one in society can obtain a higher or greater power over another without a reason for doing so, such as breaking a law and deserving rightful punishments.#3- "The source of all sovereignty is located essentially in the nation; no body, no individual can exercise authority which does not emanate from it expressly." (HR, 158) This right ties back into the first by saying those that have control over the punishments of disobeying the law are those appointed to the positions of power, not the common man. If everyone is equal the only true power over them is the courts.#10- "No one may be disturbed because of his opinions, even religious, provided that their public manifestation does not disturb the public order established by law." This right is stating that every individual has a right to believe in which ever religion they choose and have a personal opinion of their society, whether good or bad, and may not be punished for these actions. The only exception is that the people of this society do not create problems because of their opinions, such as preaching to their fellow man about topics in public that everyone may not believe in or agree upon.
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The Third Estate demanded that they be heard. 1789
References:
The Human Record, Andrea Overfield


Photo from: http://www.cla.calpoly.edu/~lcall/111/Declaration_Rights_of_Man.jpg
Group Members: Ryan Jensen, Jack Larocca, Deborah Nealon, Jessica Prendergast, Amanda Tschantz